State Constitution and bylaws

Utah State IAP Constitution

 Constitution of the  Independent American Party  of Utah
(Established 1998 Salt Lake City, Utah)
 

ARTICLE I. NAME
 

The official name of this state political party is “Independent American Party of Utah” (herein “IAP of Utah” or “State Party”). The official name of each County Party shall be “Independent American Party of <county name> County, Utah” (herein “County Party”). The affiliate national party shall be the national Independent American Party (herein “National IAP”).
 

ARTICLE II. OBJECT
 

The IAP of Utah Mission is to promote respect for life, liberty and property (defined as the pursuit of happiness); strong traditional families; patriotism; and individual, state and national sovereignty — with a strong reliance on the Declaration of Independence and allegiance to the Constitutions of the United States of America (including its Bill of Rights) and the State of Utah — by petition to God and by political and educational means.
 

ARTICLE III. MEMBERSHIP
 

Membership in the IAP of Utah shall consist of general members, active members, and members in good standing. General membership shall be open to all residents of the State of Utah. Active members shall be those who participate at State or County Party meetings. Members in good standing shall be active members who support the ideals and goals of the State Party.
 

ARTICLE IV. CAUCUS ORGANIZATIONS
 

Active members residing in a Congressional District, State Senate District, State House of Representatives District, or Precinct District, may form a Congressional, Senate, Legislative or Precinct District Caucus, respectively, for the purpose of electing caucus officers, nominating candidates where applicable, and performing other functions authorized by the State Party.
 

ARTICLE V. COUNTY ORGANIZATIONS
 

Each county with active members in the State of Utah shall have a County Party within the State Party. The county structural organization shall consist of county Executive Officers, a county Executive Committee, special committees as needed, and the County Convention. The County Party may optionally establish a county Constitution and Bylaws, providing that they are in harmony with and subservient to this State Party Constitution and the State Party Bylaws.
 

ARTICLE VI. STATE ORGANIZATION
 

The State structural organization shall consist of four State Executive Officers, the state Executive Committee (consisting of the Executive Officers and Congressional District representatives), the state Central Committee (consisting of the Executive Committee and County representatives), and the State Convention. The auxiliary organization shall consist of state Standing Committees to be specified in the State Party Bylaws, any number of state Special Committees as needed, and auxiliary organizations as provided for in the State Party Bylaws. The State extended organization shall include all County and District organizations within the State Party.

 ARTICLE VII. NATIONAL ORGANIZATION
 

The IAP of Utah shall elect Representatives and Alternates to the National Committee of the National IAP in the numbers authorized by the National IAP; and shall elect Delegates and Alternates to the National Convention of the National IAP at the times and in the numbers authorized by the National IAP.
 

ARTICLE VIII. SUPREMACY
 

This Constitution shall be the ruling document for the IAP of Utah.  It is severable in that if any portion hereof be declared void, all other portions shall remain binding and effective. The state Central Committee shall be the supreme governing body of the State Party. The State Party shall establish state Bylaws which shall provide rules of conduct and organization for the State Party in accordance with, and subordinate to, this Constitution. The state Executive Committee shall assume the role of the state Central Committee if that body is not organized.
 

ARTICLE IX. AMENDMENTS
 

Amendments or revisions to this Constitution may be proposed by majority vote of the state Executive Committee or the State Convention. Proposed amendments or revisions to this Constitution may be ratified by two-thirds vote of the state Central Committee at a Regular meeting held any time after three months from the proposal date.
 

ARTICLE X. ADOPTION
 

This Constitution shall be established upon majority vote of the organizing body of the State Party. Contrary to the provisions of Article IX, this Constitution may be amended or revised by majority vote of the state Central Committee at any time within one year of the establishment of this Constitution. 

Utah State Bylaws

     Bylaws of the Independent American   Party of Utah
(Established 1998 Salt Lake City, Utah)
 

SECTION 1. NAME
 

Pursuant to Article I of the Constitution of the Independent American   Party of Utah (herein  “IAP of Utah Constitution”):
 

A. State Name. (1) The official name of this state political   party is “Independent American Party of Utah”  (herein “IAP of Utah” or “State   Party”). (2) It may also be known as Utah Independent American Party,  Independent American Party, IAP OF   UTAH, IAP of Utah, Utah IAP, or IAP.
 

B. County Names. (1) The official name of each County Party of   the IAP of Utah shall be “Independent  American Party of <county   name> County, Utah” (herein “County Party”). (2) Each County Party may  also be known as <county   name> County Utah Independent American Party, IAP of <county name>  County, or <county name>   County IAP, or IAP.
 

C. National Name. (1) The IAP of Utah shall be affiliated with   the national Independent American Party  (herein “National IAP”), subject   to approval of the National Committee of the National IAP.
 

SECTION 2. OBJECT
 

Pursuant to Article II of the IAP of Utah Constitution:
 

A. IAP Candidates. (1) To further the IAP of Utah Mission, the   State Party shall endeavor to find, nominate, assist and support candidates   for federal, state and local offices, who are wise, moral and honest, and who   will uphold and defend the  Constitutions of the United States   and the State of Utah. (2) These candidates shall also adhere to the  Mission and Platform of the State   Party. (3) The State Party shall also assist and support the presidential and  vice presidential nominees of the National   IAP.
 

B. Non-IAP Candidates. (1) The State Convention may choose to   endorse and/or support non-party  candidates for public office, who   meet the ideals expected of State Party candidates, who are not in direct  contest with any State Party or National IAP   nominees for public office.
 

C. Party Assistance. (1) The State Party shall endeavor to assist   County Parties and other State Party  entities with organization, voter   education, ballot qualification, recruiting, fund raising, public relations,  and other services.
 

SECTION 3. MEMBERSHIP
 

Pursuant to Article III of the IAP of Utah Constitution:
 

A. General Members. (1) A “general member” of the IAP of Utah is   any resident of the State of Utah  who claims membership in the State   Party, but who does not necessarily participate in State or County  Party activities.
 

B. Active Members. (1) An “active member” of the State Party is   one who is a registered voter in the  State of Utah, and who attends,   participates and votes at State or County Conventions or meetings of the  State Party. (2) A member may be denied   active participation in the State Party for reasonable cause by  two-thirds vote of the state   Central Committee.
 

C. Good Standing. (1) An active member in “good standing” is one   who supports the State Party Mission  and Platform, Constitution and   Bylaws, and candidates for public office; and who is committed to building  the State Party for the cause of freedom.   (2) All State Party officers, delegates, and candidates for public  office (except for president and vice   president) are expected to be active members of the State Party in  good standing.
 

SECTION 4. CAUCUS ORGANIZATIONS
 

Pursuant to Article IV of the IAP of Utah Constitution:
 

A. Congressional Caucus. (1) Each Congressional District with   active members residing in the district,  may have a Congressional District   Caucus. (2) Such caucuses may meet at prescribed times during  meetings of the State Convention,   and at non-convention times as determined by the caucus members. (3)  The caucus shall also elect members from the   district as Congressional District Representatives to the state  Executive Committee. (4) The   caucus may nominate its candidate for the U.S. House of Representatives.
 

B. Senate Caucus. (1) Each state Senate District with active   members residing in the district, may have a  Senate District Caucus. (2) Such caucuses   may meet at prescribed times during meetings of either the State  or County Conventions for   single-county senate districts, or during meetings of the State Convention   for  multi-county senate districts, and at   non-convention times as determined by the caucus members. (3) The  caucus may nominate its candidate for the   State Senate seat.
 

C. Legislative Caucus. (1) Each state House of Representatives   District with active members residing in  the district, may have a Legislative   District Caucus. (2) Such caucuses may meet at prescribed times  during meetings of either the   State or County Conventions for single-county house districts, or during  meetings of the State Convention   for multi-county house districts, and at non-convention times as  determined by the caucus members.   (3) The caucus may nominate its candidate for the State House of  Representatives seat.
 

D. Precinct Caucus. (1) Each Precinct District with active   members residing in the district, may have a  Precinct Caucus. (2) Such caucuses   may meet at any time as determined by the caucus members.
 

E. Caucus Officers. (1) Each district caucus may elect officers   such as Chair and Vice Chair, as the  caucus members see fit. (2) Elections shall   normally be held on an annual basis during the first caucus  meeting of each year.
 

SECTION 5. COUNTY ORGANIZATIONS
 

Pursuant to Article V of the IAP of Utah Constitution:
 

A. Executive Officers. (1) The county Executive Officers shall   consist of a Chair, Vice Chair, Secretary  and Treasurer. (2) Any two officer positions   may be combined as one. (3) The officers shall be elected  for a two-year term by the County   Convention held in odd-numbered years; and by the county Executive  Committee whenever needed to fill   an officer vacancy. (4) The officers shall be members of and preside  over the County Executive Committee and the   County Convention. (5) The order of succession in case  of absence or vacancy of the Chair shall be   the Vice Chair, Secretary, Treasurer. (6) Officers may be  removed at any time for reasonable cause by   two-thirds vote of the county Executive Committee. (7)  The officers shall meet at least   quarterly either in person or by suitable electronic means. (8) Their duties  shall be comparable to those of   their corresponding State Party Executive Officers, but limited in scope  to the county level.
 

B. Executive Committee. (1) The county Executive Committee shall   consist of the county Executive  Officers and a limited number of other   individuals, as determined by the County Convention. (2) The  non-Officer Executive Committee   members shall be elected for a one-year term by the County Convention  at its annual meeting; and by   existing members of the Executive Committee to fill committee member  vacancies. (3) The Executive Committee   shall meet at least quarterly in person or by suitable electronic  means to (a) set County Party policy; (b)   conduct the affairs of the County Party organization; (c) approve  or reject any actions of the   county Executive Officers; (d) select individuals to fill vacancies for any   position  within the County Party jurisdiction; (e)   perform other functions as specified in the IAP of Utah  Constitution and these Bylaws; and   (f) conduct other appropriate business. (4) The county Executive  Officers may assume the role of   the county Executive Committee if that body has not been organized.
 

C. County Convention. (1) The County Convention shall consist of   the county Executive Officers, all  county Executive Committee members, and all   active members that reside in the county. (2) New party  members may be seated as delegates to the   County Convention at the discretion of the already seated  delegates. (3) The County   Convention shall (a) meet at least annually in person or by suitable   electronic  means, and elect non-Officer   county Executive Committee members for a one-year-term; (b) in  odd-numbered years elect county   Executive Officers for a two-year term; (c) in even-numbered years  nominate candidates for public office to   county offices and single-county state senate and house districts  within the county, as needed; and (d)   conduct other appropriate business as specified by the county  Executive Committee, in the IAP of   Utah Constitution and elsewhere in these Bylaws. (4) The county  Executive Committee may assume the   role of the County Convention if that body has not been organized.
 

D. Special Committees. (1) County Special Committees may be   created by the county Executive  Committee for specific County   Party purposes and limited periods of time; and may be dissolved at any  time by the county Executive Committee. (2)   Committee chairs and members shall be determined by  the county Executive Committee.   (3) Each special committee may create subcommittees that are limited  to the scope, function and time confines of   the parent committee.
 

SECTION 6. STATE ORGANIZATION
 

Pursuant to Article VI of the IAP of Utah Constitution:
 

A. Executive Officers. (1) The state Executive Officers shall   consist of a Chair, Vice Chair, Secretary  and Treasurer. (2) The officers   shall be elected for a two-year term by the State Convention held in  odd-numbered years; and by the   state Executive Committee whenever needed to fill an officer vacancy.  (3) The officers shall be members   of and preside over the state Executive Committee, state Central  Committee, and the State   Convention. (4) The order of succession in case of absence or vacancy of the  Chair shall be the Vice Chair,   Secretary, Treasurer. (5) Officers may be removed at any time for  reasonable cause by two-thirds   vote of the state Central Committee. (6) The officers shall meet at least  quarterly either in person or by   suitable electronic means.
 

B. Officer Duties. (1) The state Chair shall (a) preside over the   Executive Officers and all State Party  meetings; (b) be the sole   spokesman for the State Party; and (c) oversee and coordinate the activities   of  all State Party organizations   within the state. (2) The state Vice Chair shall (a) assist the state Chair   in his  duties; (b) and perform other   duties assigned by the state Chair. (3) The state Secretary shall (a) notify   all  appropriate members of scheduled   state meetings; (b) keep minutes and records for all such meetings;  (c) report meetings of minutes   when appropriate; (d) maintain a database of all active members within the  state; and (e) file any State Party   non-financial reports required by law. (4) The state Treasurer shall (a)  maintain all State Party financial   records; (b) report on State Party finances when appropriate; (c) make  deposits and expenditures as   directed by the state Executive Committee; and (d) file any financial reports    required by law. (5) The several   officers shall also (a) perform duties specified elsewhere in these Bylaws  and in the IAP of Utah Constitution; and (b)   perform other functions related to their respective positions.
 

C. Executive Committee. (1) The state Executive Committee shall   consist of the state Executive Officers  and three elected or appointed   representatives from each organized Congressional District Caucus.  (2) The Executive Committee shall   meet at least quarterly in person or by suitable electronic means to  (a) set State Party policy; (b) conduct the   affairs of the State Party organization; (c) determine the  maximum number of State Convention   delegates allowed for each county (based roughly on population);  (d) approve or reject any actions of the   state Executive Officers; (e) select individuals to fill vacancies for  state, county, caucus or committee positions   that have not been filled by other appropriate means;  (f) perform all other functions specified in   the IAP of Utah Constitution and these Bylaws; (g) and  conduct other appropriate   business. (3) The state Executive Officers may assume the role of the state  Executive Committee if that body   has not been organized; and may act temporarily for the Executive  Committee in urgent matters until   the Executive Committee can be convened.
 

D. Central Committee. (1) The state Central Committee shall   consist of the state Executive Officers,  all non-Officer members of the   state Executive Committee, and the County Chairs (or their representatives)  from each organized County Party. (2) The   Central Committee shall meet at least annually in person or by  suitable electronic means to (a)   approve or reject any actions by the state Executive Officers or the state  Executive Committee; (b) perform   other functions as specified in the IAP of Utah Constitution and these  Bylaws; and (c) conduct other appropriate   business. (3) The state Executive Committee may assume the  role of the state Central Committee if that   body has not been organized.
 

E. State Convention. (1) The State Convention shall consist of   the state Executive Officers  (as delegates-at-large), and all state   delegates elected at the several County Conventions. (2) Other State  Party members may be seated as   delegates to the State Convention at the discretion of the already seated  delegates. (3) The State   Convention shall meet at least annually in person or by suitable electronic   means  to (a) elect non-Officer state   Executive Committee members for a one-year term; (b) in odd-numbered  years elect state Executive   Officers for a two-year term; (c) in even-numbered years nominate candidates  for public office for federal,   state and multi-county offices, and for local offices not voted on by a   County  Convention, as needed; and (d)   conduct other appropriate business as specified by the state Executive  Committee, in the IAP of Utah   Constitution and elsewhere in these Bylaws. (4) The State Convention,  for reasonable cause and by   two-thirds vote, may overturn the nomination of candidates for public office  by a County Party or District Caucus election,   and elect new nominees. (5) The state Central Committee  may assume the role of the State   Convention if that body has not been organized.
 

F. Standing Committees. (1) The state Standing Committees shall   consist of the Rules, Events,  Membership, Issues and Media   Committees. (2) The Rules Committee shall draft procedural rules for  meetings, and advise on proposed   changes to the IAP of Utah Constitution and these Bylaws. (3) The  Events Committee shall plan and coordinate   State Party activities. (4) The Membership Committee shall  plan and coordinate recruiting   efforts. (5) The Issues Committee shall oversee Platform development and  assist candidates with campaign   issues. (6) The Media Committee shall conduct public relations, prepare  campaign materials, and maintain   the State Party web site. (7) These committees may perform other related  functions as determined by the state   Executive Committee.
 

G. Special Committees. (1) State special committees may be   created by the state Executive Committee  for specific purposes and limited periods of   time, and may be dissolved at any time by the state Executive  Committee. (2) Committee chairs and members   shall be determined by the state Executive Committee.  (3) Each special committee may   create subcommittees that are limited to the scope, function and time  confines of the parent committee.
 

SECTION 7. NATIONAL ORGANIZATION
 

Pursuant to Article VII of the IAP of Utah Constitution:
 

A. National Committee. (1) The State Convention at its annual   meeting shall elect Representatives and  Alternates to the National Committee of the   National IAP for a one-year term. (2) Alternates shall be  numbered as 1st, 2nd, etc.
 

B. National Convention. (1) The State Convention at the times   specified by the National IAP shall elect  Delegates and Alternates to the   National Convention of the National IAP for a term through the end of  the presidential election year. (2)   Alternates shall be numbered as 1st, 2nd, etc.
 

C. Vacancies. (1) The state Executive Committee if in session, or   else the state Chair or his representative,  may temporarily appoint individuals to fill   vacancies in the IAP OF UTAH delegations to the National  Committee or National Convention.
 

SECTION 8. GENERAL
 

A. C&BL. (1) These Bylaws shall be in harmony with, and   subservient to, the IAP of Utah Constitution.  (2) These Bylaws are severable in   that if any portion hereof be declared void, all other portions shall  remain binding and effective. (3)   All provisions of the IAP of Utah Constitution shall be considered a  prime part of these Bylaws. (4)   All State and County Party officers, candidates, organizations and members  shall adhere to the IAP of Utah   Constitution and these Bylaws.
 

B. Crossovers. (1) Vacancies in County Chair positions may be   filled temporarily by a member outside  of that county when there are no   members in the county available to fill the position. (2) Vacancies in  non-Officer state Executive   Committee positions for a Congressional District may be filled temporarily  by a member outside of the Congressional   District when there are no district members available to fill the  position.
 

C. Notices. (1) All notices for Regular and Special meetings of   the State and County Parties shall be  sent to all applicable members via   post or by suitable electronic means between 30 and 45 days prior to  the scheduled meeting. (2) The   notices shall include the date, time, location, proposed agenda, and purpose  for which the meeting is called.   (3) Emergency meetings for a bona fide emergency may be called with  minimal but adequate notice. (4)   For Special and Emergency meetings, only the business proposed in the  notice agenda may considered or   acted upon at the meeting.
 

D. Quorums. (1) The quorum for a meeting of the State or County   Conventions shall be whoever is in  attendance. (2) A quorum for all   other State or County Party meetings shall consist of at least one-half  of the Committee Members. (3) If there is   lack of quorum, business may still be conducted, but all votes  of an enduring nature must be submitted to   all vote-entitled Committee Members either by post, courier or  suitable electronic means for   ratification by the same voting percentage that would have been required for   the original vote.
 

E. Voting. (1) All questions or issues before State and County   Party meetings shall require a majority vote of those voting, except where   specified otherwise in the IAP of Utah Constitution or these Bylaws. (2) No   individual shall have more  than one vote. (3) There shall be   no proxy voting.
 

F. Elections. (1) Whenever there are two or more State or County   Party candidates seeking the same  officer position or nomination for   public office, voting shall be done by secret ballot. (2) A choice of “none  of the above” shall also be a   valid choice. (3) If there is a plurality winner among candidates, then one   or  more run-off elections of the highest vote   getters shall be immediately held until there is a majority winner.  (4) In case of an election tie, lots shall   be drawn by the candidates who are tied to determine the winner.
 

G. Parliamentary Rule. (1) Roberts Rules of Order, Newly Revised,   when not in contradiction to the  IAP of Utah Constitution and   Bylaws, shall be followed at all State and County Party meetings, unless  suspended for the meeting by   two-thirds vote of the voting Members present.
 

SECTION 9. AMENDMENTS
 

A. Proposing. (1) Amendments or revisions to these Bylaws may be   proposed by majority vote of the  state Executive Committee or the   State Convention. (2) Such amendments or revisions must be in  harmony with the IAP of Utah   Constitution.
 

B. Ratification. (1) Proposed amendments or revisions to these   Bylaws may be ratified by a three-fifths  vote of the state Central Committee at a   Regular meeting held any time after three months from the  proposal date.
 

C. Waiver. (1) Any provision of these Bylaws may be waived by   three-fourths vote of the state Central  Committee at any Regular or Special meeting   for a period not to exceed six months or until the next meeting of the   Central Committee.
 

SECTION X. ADOPTION
 

A. Establishment. (1) These Bylaws shall be established upon   majority vote of the organizing body of  the State Party.
 

B. Interim Provision. (1) Contrary to the provisions of Section   9, these Bylaws may be amended or  revised by majority vote of the   state Central Committee at any time within one year of the establishment  of these Bylaws.